The concepts of myths in ancient societies dealt with the difficult aspects of human existence such as death, despair and defeat. However, besides being etiological in content they also had a strong purpose as charter myths, validating authority or unifying dispersed peoples. This essay will explore how the emergence of creation from an abyss, humanity’s quest to be like the gods and their subsequent defeat are the basic elements of all the creation myths from this part of the world.  But also, although influenced by the older Babylonian myths, how the Hebrew concept of God in Genesis was particularly different to the concepts of divinity in the Ancient Near East and Greece.

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”[1]The creation myth of the Hebrew bible was written around 1000 BC and is founded on a monotheistic god. There is no explanation of the origin of…

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